West Papua historical chronology

From many sources

This historical chronology offers an important points of the history of Papua’s journey into its final and irrevocable place as an integral part of Indonesia, and with the help of the United Nations, this issue was finally and fully resolved in 1969.

The following is the historical chronology of West Papua:

  • 1292 – 1521 Kingdom of Majapahit rules over Indonesia, including Papua
  • 1660 Treaty signed between Tidore and Ternate, under the auspices of the Netherlands; document states that Papua belonged to the King of Tidore
  • 1828 The Netherlands sets up an administrative post in Fakfak, Papua
  • 1898 The Netherlands sets up an administrative post in Manokwari
  • 1918 The Netherlands amends its constitution to include all of Indonesia, including Papua
  • 1942 Japan defeats the Netherlands; consequently occupies Indonesia, including Papua
  • 17 August 1945 Indonesia proclaims its independence for the entire territory, including Papua
  • 1945 The Netherlands tries to reoccupy the newly independent Indonesia 20 July 1947 First “Police Action” by the Netherlnads
  • 1947 Linggadjati Agreement signed
  • January 1948 Renville Agreement signed
  • 18 Dec. 1948 Second “Police Action” by the Netherlands
  • 23 Aug. – 2 Nov. 1949 Roundtable Conference in The Hague
  • 27 November 1949 The Hague Agreement signed; the Netherlands recognizes Indonesia’s independence but the status of Papua remains unresolved
  • January 1952 The Netherlands amends its constitution to include Papua within its own territory
  • 1959 The Netherlands elects regional councils in Papua
  • 2 September 1961 Dutch Foreign Minister presents a proposal to the United Nations General Assembly on the future of Papua
  • 17 January 1962 UN Acting Secretary General invites Indonesia and the Netherlands to discuss the issue of Papua.
  • 11 Maret 1962 UN Acting Secretary General U Thant appoints Amb. Elseworth Bunker as mediator.
  • 2 April 1962 The US informs the Netherlands of its proposal to resolve the issue of Papua under the “Bunker Plan.”
  • 13 April 1962 The Cabinet of the Netherlands reluctantly agrees on the Bunker Plan.
  • 25 Mei 1962 The UN makes public details of the Bunker Plan
  • 15 August 1962 The New York Agreement signed by Indonesia and the Netherlands.
  • 1 October 1962 UNTEA Administration begins in Papua.
  • 1 January 1963 Indonesian flag officially flies alongside the UN Flag.
  • 13 March 1963 Indonesia re-establishes diplomatic relations with the Netherlands.
  • 1 May 1963 UNTEA transfers administration of Papua to Indonesia.
  • 14 July 1969 The Act of Free Choice begins in Merauke with a uninamous vote by the Merauke Assembly to remain with Indonesia.
  • 17 July 1969 The Act of Free Choice conducted in Wamena with a uninamous vote by the Wamena Assembly to remain with Indonesia.
  • 19 July 1969 The Act of Free Choice conducted in Nabire with a uninamous vote by the Nabire Assembly to remain with Indonesia.
  • 23 July 1969 The Act of Free Choice conducted in Fakfak with a uninamous vote by the Fakfak Assembly to remain with Indonesia.
  • 26 July 1969 The Act of Free Choice conducted in Sorong with a uninamous vote by the Sorong Assembly to remain with Indonesia.
  • 29 July 1969 The Act of Free Choice conducted in Manokwari with a uninamous vote by the Manokwari Assembly to remain with Indonesia.
  • 31 July 1969 The Act of Free Choice conducted in Biak with a uninamous vote by the Biak Assembly to remain with Indonesia.
  • 2 August 1969 Final Assembly meeting in Jayapura with a uninamous vote by the Jayapura Assembly to remain with Indonesia, to end the Act of Free Choice.
  • 6 November 1969 UN Secretary General U Thant presents his report to the General Assembly on the Implementation of the Act of Free Choice.
  • 19 November 1969 UNGA adopts resolution 2504 (XXIV) recognizing Papua as a part of Indonesian territory.
  • 21 November 2001 Indonesia grants special autonomy to Papua Province.

 

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